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No 9 April, 2005

Page history last edited by PBworks 13 years, 5 months ago




history room news

No 9                                                                                                   by Dawn Juers

I know I said that there wouldn’t be a newsletter for April but my heart attack changed our plans and our proposed holiday to Tassie has been postponed. Thank you for all the cards, flowers and best wishes.


Books – Paddlesteamers of the Murray River - Kit Bennett

            Encountering Terra Australis – F.J. Fornasiero

            An Incredibly varied life – George Boxall Payne

            Dressed in their Best – Pam Liell

            Index of Local Cemeteries in the Alexandrina District. This  includes photos and maps

            of these cemeteries compiled by one of our volunteers – Bill Cox.

CD Roms – from the Family Tree Magazine. These include the 1871 Census for

            Gateshead, Preston, Rotherham, Maidstone & Stourbridge. Also Parish Records for

            London, Cheshire, Wiltshire, Gloucestershire, Cornwall & Norfolk. (All of the above

            may be borrowed).

STOP PRESS!! The SA Births 1907-1928 has been purchased and will be on the History Room computer soon.


Wednesday May 11 at 2pm -History Talk at the History Trust Museum, Porter St, Goolwa. The talk will be on the history of the Goolwa Football Club 1878 to 1900, presented by Barry Griffin. Gold coin donation and afternoon tea supplied.

Wednesday 25th May at 2pm - We will be celebrating History Week in the History Room.

Jill Statton OAM (Editor of the Biographical Index of South Australians 1836-1885) will be the main speaker. The W.A. Pretty Collection and Oral Histories will be presented, along with the launch of the Local Archive CD-Rom.

Because of the limited space in the History Room, bookings are required. This can be done at the “Ask Here” Library Counter or by phone to 8555-7000.

The State Library is promoting free Family History forums on the 2nd Wednesday of each month, as well as other courses in Adelaide. Inquire at the Library or www.slsa.sa.gov.au

Stamos Goniais from the State Library presented a very interesting demonstration of navigating the State Library website at the Alexandrina Library on April 12th. I am sure we all learnt a great deal from his talk.


The name Anzac was not coined by an Australian or even in Australia, and the men who landed at Gallipoli in 1915 had never heard the word which would immortalize their exploits.  When a combined corps of Australian and New Zealand forces was set up in 1914 under Lord Kitchener, the two commanders of the Australian and New Zealand troops asked if they could be called the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps.  The first stationery of this new corps was headed ‘A and NZ Army Corps’ and ‘Anzac’ was selected as a brief code word, intended only for simple and convenient use in dispatches and telegraphs.  As the word filtered through to the troops, however, Australian and overseas journalists also picked it up and it soon became synonymous with the men themselves.  A Lieutenant A.T. White is generally credited with originating the word.

Anzac Day commemorates the landing of the Australian and New Zealand troops at Gallipoli on 25 April 1915.


Like Anzac, the word ‘digger’ came into the Australian vocabulary during the First World War, and in part at least it probably does owe its origin to the fact that the Australian infantrymen believed their main role in life was digging trenches. The word first became widespread among members of the First Anzac Corps on the Somme front during June-August 1917.

It can also, however, be traced back much further than this, to the brotherhood of the ‘Men of ‘54’, the seal of friendship at Eureka Stockade on 3 December 1854, defying a hundred mounted soldiers and police and 176 infantrymen, were all miners or gold diggers, and many people referred to them as ‘the diggers of Ballarat’.


The famous military slouch hat worn by Australian soldiers is attributed to Col Tom Price of the Victorian Mounted Rifles, a volunteer corps, in 1885.  The slouch was then turned up on the right-hand side and this was apparently to prevent it being pushed off during the salute and to ensure that troops marching past an inspecting officer could look him straight in the eye.  In December 1890 the whole of the Australian army was given the slouch hat, still turned up on the right.   But when the Commonwealth army came into existence, the hat was turned up on the left, where it has remained, and where it was out of the way when the soldiers were marching with rifles at the slope.

The name itself is curious for it is not really a slouch hat at all. ‘Slouch’ means to turn the brim down, whereas of course, the military hat is turned up. Strictly it ought to be called a cocked hat.

[All of the above from ‘How Did Things Start’ by Timothy Hall]



Did you know that the Army Museum at Keswick Barracks is open on Sundays 12-4pm?  Entrance is via the main gate, Keswick Barracks adjacent to Bus Stop 2.

Free Parking. Admission is by donation. Phone 8305 6374.


Genealogy help is available by appointment on Thursdays, to guide you through your research. Please phone the Library on 8555-7000 to make an appointment.

For comments, suggestions or to receive this newsletter – email historyroom2004@yahoo.com.au or phone me, Dawn Juers on 8555-2885

Happy Researching,    Dawn                                                        April  2005




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